"Amen, Amen" Sayings in the Fourth Gospel
compiled by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

In the Hebrew Bible, the word "Amen" connotes agreement, certainty, faithfulness.  It was simply transliterated amhn in Greek and thus also "amen" in most modern languages.  It is used at the end of some psalms, curses, blessings, prayers, and prophecies to allow the hearers/readers to say, "So be it!" or "Yes, I agree!" (Deut 27:15-26; 1Kings 1:36; 1Chron 16:36; Neh 5:13; Ps 106:48; Jer 28:6).  Sometimes it is repeated twice for emphasis (Num 5:22; Neh 8:6; Ps 41:13; 72:19; 89:52).

Similarly in the NT, "Amen" is used 28 times at the end of doxologies, blessings, and other prayers (Rom 1:25; 9:5; 11:36; 15:33; 16:27;  1Cor 14:16;  2Cor 1:20;  Gal 1:5; 6:18;  Eph 3:21;  Phil 4:20;  1Thess 3:13;  1Tim 1:17; 6:16;  2Tim 4:18;  Heb 13:21;  1Peter 4:11; 5:11;  2Peter 3:18;  Jude 1:25;  Rev 1:6, 7; 3:14; 5:14; 7:12 [twice]; 19:4; 22:20).  It is also used 101 times in the four Gospels, but with some major differences:

Sayings of the Johannine Jesus that begin, "Amen, Amen, I Say to You..." (RSV translation below):

To Nathanael in Galilee:

To Nicodemus in Jerusalem: To the Jews in Jerusalem after a Sabbath Healing: To the Crowds in Galilee after the Multiplication of the Loaves: To the Jews in Jerusalem at the Feast of Tebernacles: To the Pharisees in Jerusalem after the Healing of the Man Born Blind: To the Disciples after the Entry into Jerusalem: To the Disciples after the Washing of the Feet: To Simon Peter at the Last Supper: To all the Disciples at the Last Supper: To Simon Peter after the Resurrection:

This page was last updated on  02/06/07 .
Copyright © 1999--2005 by Felix Just, S.J.